Publication : Allah’s Kolkhozes Migration, De-Stalinisation, Privatisation and the New Muslim Congregations in the Soviet Realm (1950s-2000s)

4Allah's KolkhozesStéphane A. Dudoignon & Christian Noack

Édition : Klaus Schwarz Verlag, 2014, 541 pages

ISBN 9783879974214

Synopsis

The larger part of the Muslim popu­la­tion in the Soviet realm lived and conti­nues to live in rural areas. Other than in many parts of the present-day world of Islam, alter­na­tive, self-segre­gated, often anti-estab­lish­ment Muslim cong­re­ga­tions emerged outside the big urban agglo­me­ra­tions of the former USSR. Among other factors of this emer­gence can be mentioned: the mass resett­le­ments operated from the 1940s to the 1970s towards cash-crop growing lowlands; the tight limi­ta­tion on the drift from the land by the Soviet autho­ri­ties; the rela­tive auto­nomy enjoyed by rural produc­tion units endowed with specia­lised economic profiles; and the libe­ra­li­sa­tion of reli­gious practice in the wake of de-Stali­ni­sa­tion.

Eleven case studies trace the trans­for­ma­tions of Soviet and post-Soviet Islam within the former collec­ti­vised villages in Central Asia, the Caucasus and Inner Russia. The authors provide rich evidence for the close inter­play between Soviet kolkhoz admi­ni­s­t­ra­tions and the reli­gious personnel of Islam on the local lore. They show how this connec­tion prepared the ground for the emer­gence of alter­na­tive Muslim cong­re­ga­tions in already the post-Stali­nist Soviet Union — long before the pheno­menon became broadly visible during the boom of public reli­gious practice in the late 1980s and early 1990s.

Table des matières :

S. A. Dudoignon & C. Noack : Introduction

S. A. Dudoignon with S. A. Qalandar : ‘They Were All from the Country : The Revival and Politicisation of Islam in the Lower Wakhsh River Valley of the Tajik SSR (1947-1997)

Beate Giehler, ‘Maxim Gorki and Islamic Revolution in a Southern Tajik Cotton Plain : The Failure of Soviet Integration in the Countryside’

Ariane Zevaco : From Old to New Matcha : Mass Resettlement and the New Redefinition of Islamic Practice between Tajikistan’s Upper Valleys and Cotton Lowlands

Bakhtyar Babadjanov : The Economic and Religious History of a Kolkhoz Village : Khojawot from Soviet Modernisation to the Aftermath of the Islamic Revival

Bakhtyar Babadjanov & Sharifjon Islamov : The ‘Enlighteners’ of Koni-Zar : Islamic Reform in a Cotton Kolkhoz

Ashirbek Muminov : From Revived Tradition to Innovation : Kolkhoz Islam in the southern Kazakhstan Region and Religious Leadership (the Cases of Zhartï Töbe and Oranghay since the 1950s)

Vladimir Bobrovnikov : Withering Heights : The Re-Islamisation of a Kolkhoz Village in Dagestan (a Micro-History)

Shamil Shikhaliev : Downwards Mobility and Spiritual Life : The Development of Sufism in the Context of Migrations in Dagestan, 1940s-2000s

Ilnur Minnullin : Sunflower and Moon Crescent : Soviet and Post-Soviet Islamic Revival in a Tatar Village of Mordovia

Liliia Sagitova : Traditionalism, Modernism and Globalisation among the Volga Muslims : The Case of Sredniaia Eliuzan’

Rufat Sattarov : Urban, Rural or Something in Between : The Development of ‘Alternative’ Forms of Islam in Azerbaijan through the Case of Nardaran Village in Absheron

Index

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